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2: In the first paragraph, the female villian is portrayed as strong, powerful, and also very graceful. This is quite the opposite of the portrayal of the male villian in paragraph 2. This character is described as slow, stupid, and immature. These differences in description suggest that in film and other media, women are shown to be in control of things, and rightfully so because they seem to be the gender that is most capable of accomplishing important things. After all, our culture has been heavily influenced by feminism and women empowerment. These matters are repeatedly brought out in entertainment today.

3: In his first three paragraphs, seemingly serving as an introduction, Denby uses strong and powerful languague that incorporates several rhetoric strategies such as irony, hyperbole, and metaphors to gain the reader’s attention. So after his third paragraph, there is a shift in tone from introducing his argument to actually diving into his position.

4: Between paragraphs 3 and 4, Denby is shifting from providing interesting examples on his topic to actually beginning to state his argument and why he holds that position.

5: At the beginning of paragraph 4, Denby includes these rhetoric questions: “Do genre films reflect reality? Or are they merely a set of conventions that refer to other films?” He answers these questions by discussing the emotional aspects films such as teen movies bring up. As an example, he says, “A half century ago, we didn’t need to see ten Westerns a year in order to learn that the West got settled. We needed to see it settled ten times a year in order to provide ourselves with the emotional gratifications of righteous violence.” So, by tying in examples such as this one and stating that genre films stir up emotions people live with in real life, he answers the rhetoric questions.

6: One way Denby uses the expertise of others to back up his argument is by including references to other works. For instance, when talking about the female social outcast in a teen movie, he says, “She may mask her sense of vulnerability with sarcasm or with Plathian rue (she’s stuck in the bell jar), but even when she lashes out she can’t hide her craving for acceptance.”

7: Denby’s central argument is that genre films, more specifically teen films that take place in a high-school setting, depict archetypal characters that are somewhat extreme. However, he claims they do carry some truth. Some of his secondary arguments are that filmmakers make these films to satisfy things they themselves went through in school and to release emotions, and that teen films can have an affect on us.

9: Denby ties his theory, that pain or unhappiness in an artist’s childhood is inextricably tied to strength and creativity later in the artist’s life, to teen movies by discussing how the so-called “geeks” and “outcasts” of their schools end up creating teen movies about the struggles of geeks and outcasts.

10: By citing examples of plotlines and characters from various teen movies in which the loners ended up more successful than those who were popular, Denby supports his argument that the Columbine shooters did not learn the lesson of teen movies (“geeks rule”).

11: The examples Denby uses in the last two paragraphs of teen movies that go beyond the genre help to bolster his argument tremendously. In the last paragraph, when talking about two characters of a popular teen movie, says, “…they might be criticizing the teen-movie genre itself.” By using such examples he succeeds in drawing his audience to his side and to see his position from his point of view.

12: The likely audience for this essay is anyone interested in pop culture, and more specifically probably teens or those who watch some of the films he discusses. He considers his audience in his essay by using interesting hyperbole and metaphors that help people relate to the issues he is discussing. 

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